The colors of the rainbow now and in the flower! The iris or iris is a perennial herbaceous plant multiplied by bulbs or rhizomes and gives us flowers in a huge variety of colors, blue, white, red, yellow, orange and even black! There are also beautiful two-color varieties with color combinations. We plant the irises in the autumn in rock gardens, flower beds and pots on the balcony and give us their flowering in the late winter and early spring. The impressive flower of the iris can be cut to make blooming bouquets or to keep them in a flower-pot in our living room.
What iris species and varieties exist?
A small leap of iris! In principle, there are several iris species and varieties that are indigenous to China and southern Europe. In Greece, we can even find some wild endemic species that are not found anywhere else in the world. The irises are separated into root-bearing and root-bearing rhizomes, as well as bulbous species where the iris grows from a bulb. From cultivated varieties we will find low species of iris with a height of 10-30 cm, the medium height of 30-70 cm and higher with a height of 70 – 120 cm. The striking flowers of the iris have a size that reaches 10-15 cm. And of colors? What to start with! However, the most well-known variety; of the iris is the German one that makes blue flowers, which is also referred to as a lily of the valley. Lastly, it should be noted that in addition to the most iris varieties planted in autumn, there are some Dutch varieties planted in the spring.
Which conditions are suitable for planting the iris?
The iris needs well-drained, fertile soils, slightly acidic to thrive and give us its wonderful flowers. It also needs plenty of sunshine to have lush blooming, and if we put it in shady places it may not even blossom. The planting of the iris is very close to the surface of the soil 3-5 cm deep in the colder areas, while in warm areas we make a little deeper planting 5-10 cm. Planting distances between the irises or rhizomes of the iris are 20-30 cm. To plant the iris in the pot, purchased humus universal and should make and good drainage. The pot must have holes, and it is also good to place a layer of pebbles or pebbles on the pot base.
What care for irrigation and irrigation needs the iris?
The iris is quite durable and not demanding in watering. Even a little bit overwhelmed to forget about it, it will not be very disturbed! Generally, the iris needs regular watering, 1-2 times a week, from the time it will germinate until the flowering begins. Beware, however, as too much irrigation can cause rooting of its roots. And as for fertilization, and there the iris is oligarchic. Add a little bit of fertilizer during planting and mix it with the soil or the soil if we planted in a pot. Then, at the beginning of spring, we repeat a second full fertilizer application, avoiding nitrogen fertilizers.
How do we store and keep the iris bulbs?
If we do not want to buy bulbs and iris rhizomes;every year, we follow the well-known storage procedure we follow for all bulbous flowers. Remove the plant bulbs from the ground, remove whatever soil is left over and check for any diseases, rotting or bumping. Those bulbs that are in good condition are stored in a cardboard box with slight openings for good ventilation. Inside the box add sawdust or rice to absorb any moisture so that the bulb does not prematurely germinate and then rot.
And a secret about the iris
There is also a separate water-bearing iris that lives and grows with its rhizomes in the water and forms impressive yellow flowers. Ideal for small lakes in our garden.