The colors of the rainbow now and in the flower! The iris or iris is a perennial herbaceous plant multiplied by bulbs or rhizomes and gives us flowers in a huge variety of colors, blue, white, red, yellow, orange and even black! There are also beautiful two-color varieties with color combinations. We plant the irises in the autumn in rock gardens, flower beds and pots on the balcony and give us their flowering in the late winter and early spring. The impressive flower of the iris can be cut to make blooming bouquets or to keep them in a flower-pot in our living room.
What iris species and varieties exist?
A small leap of iris! In principle, there are several iris species and varieties that are indigenous to China and southern Europe. In Greece, we can even find some wild endemic species that are not found anywhere else in the world. The irises are separated into root-bearing and root-bearing rhizomes, as well as bulbous species where the iris grows from a bulb. From cultivated varieties we will find low species of iris with a height of 10-30 cm, the medium height of 30-70 cm and higher with a height of 70 – 120 cm. The striking flowers of the iris have a size that reaches 10-15 cm. And of colors? What to start with! However, the most well-known variety; of the iris is the German one that makes blue flowers, which is also referred to as a lily of the valley. Lastly, it should be noted that in addition to the most iris varieties planted in autumn, there are some Dutch varieties planted in the spring.
Which conditions are suitable for planting the iris?
The iris needs well-drained, fertile soils, slightly acidic to thrive and give us its wonderful flowers. It also needs plenty of sunshine to have lush blooming, and if we put it in shady places it may not even blossom. The planting of the iris is very close to the surface of the soil 3-5 cm deep in the colder areas, while in warm areas we make a little deeper planting 5-10 cm. Planting distances between the irises or rhizomes of the iris are 20-30 cm. To plant the iris in the pot, purchased humus universal and should make and good drainage. The pot must have holes, and it is also good to place a layer of pebbles or pebbles on the pot base.
What care for irrigation and irrigation needs the iris?
The iris is quite durable and not demanding in watering. Even a little bit overwhelmed to forget about it, it will not be very disturbed! Generally, the iris needs regular watering, 1-2 times a week, from the time it will germinate until the flowering begins. Beware, however, as too much irrigation can cause rooting of its roots. And as for fertilization, and there the iris is oligarchic. Add a little bit of fertilizer during planting and mix it with the soil or the soil if we planted in a pot. Then, at the beginning of spring, we repeat a second full fertilizer application, avoiding nitrogen fertilizers.
How do we store and keep the iris bulbs?
If we do not want to buy bulbs and iris rhizomes;every year, we follow the well-known storage procedure we follow for all bulbous flowers. Remove the plant bulbs from the ground, remove whatever soil is left over and check for any diseases, rotting or bumping. Those bulbs that are in good condition are stored in a cardboard box with slight openings for good ventilation. Inside the box add sawdust or rice to absorb any moisture so that the bulb does not prematurely germinate and then rot.
And a secret about the iris
There is also a separate water-bearing iris that lives and grows with its rhizomes in the water and forms impressive yellow flowers. Ideal for small lakes in our garden.
What a great flower! What striking are the plants when they are blooming in gardens, flower beds, courtyards, and balconies! Really an inspiration, all the flowers generously offer such a beautiful sight in our eyes! So special shapes and so many color combinations, a feast of nature! There are flowers that; give us an even bigger gift that delights our senses, makes us dream, travel with our imagination and fall in love!
The enchanting aroma of flowers! Sometimes gentle, sometimes more intense, heavy, sometimes sweeter! So different flowers with so many different fragrances to smell! Other flowers leave their fragrance more intense at night, others are more intense at lunchtime. Why is all this done? Have you wondered why flowers are fragrant and what does it serve? Did it happen? Of course not! Each flower has its own unique smell that plays an important role in plant life! In most cases, the fragrance of flowers serves to attract insects such as bees. This serves to pollination and fertilization of the flower and consequently to the perpetuation of the plant. In some other cases, the flowers have a strong aroma to repel dangerous insects that may infect them.
Regardless of why nature created the fragrance of flowers, we are really so lucky! What to do? We have all linked our beloved memories with the fragrance of flowers, gardens, and balconies of our beloved people. And of course not to forget and those who want to capture the fragrance of flowers, the cosmetics industry offers us the most appealing combinations of perfumes from extracts and essential oils of flowers. We, of course, in our article, we will prefer the authentic fragrances of the flowers that bloom in the natural environment! That’s why we recommend ten popular plants that have a particularly attractive fragrance to plant them in the garden or pot on your balcony.
Let’s get started from the drills! What a special fragrance the flowers of these impressive autumn bulbous plants have. And what striking colors! red, purple, pink, yellow, fuchsia and white. Whether it is planted in a flower pot on the balcony or in a flower bed in the garden, the freesia gives us flowering with a great scent. Let’s also reveal a secret. The most intense scent is the one-sided freesia, especially the white and the yellow. So we select a sunny spot and plan the frieze bulbs at a depth of 5 centimeters in the soil with the bulb “upright” upwards and at a distance of 10 cm between the bulbs. They will compensate us in 2.5-3 months with their fragrant flowering.
The Queen of the Night, the Kestrel or the Nightmare, as you say, the ornamental shrub with the glossy leaves and the small creamy flowers flood the gardens and the courtyards with the sweet, intoxicating scent just after;dark. We choose a sunny place for the nightgown to give her rich and prolonged flowering, protected from the loud summer sun, especially if we planted it in a pot. Evening night, except fragrant, is also sensitive! It thrives in areas with mild winter and is also very disturbed in areas near the sea.
What scent and rosewood! I will never forget the aroma of the centennial rose-rose in the garden of my grandmother. Of course, and now there are many new varieties with a distinct and strong aroma. Dwarf varieties of rose, shrubs, climbing in different colors and flower shapes. With a bit of searching, we can find several of them to plant and decorate in the garden or on our balcony! And if we meet an aromatic rose in a friendly, neighboring or unknown garden, we do not hesitate to ask for a twig. The proliferation of rosewood with a spring is quite easy especially if we use rooting hormone.
Red carnation, milled and very aromatic at the same time! And the carnation is one of the most aromatic perennial flowers we encounter in pots on balconies, yards, and gardens and we enjoy them very much. They do not flavor all varieties, but it is worth looking for them. Typically, dwarf varieties or crawling varieties of cloves are more fragrant but this is not absolute. In any case, the cranberry is characterized by a rich and prolonged flowering from April to November while its flowers are kept in a jar for a long time. And let’s not forget that the well needs good drainage as it is sensitive to excessive moisture and watering and can root its roots.
What to say about plummer, the well-known Indian cucumber, with the wonderful white-yellow aromatic flowers. What a pity we do not find everywhere in our country, but especially in southern regions such as Rhodes, Kos, and Crete. Plummer thrives in tropical and subtropical places as he loves the heat and intense humidity in the atmosphere. And let’s not forget that in order to enjoy its rich and fragrant flowering plummer wants direct sunlight for much of the day. Like all the beautiful things, it has its limitations as it does not withstand the low temperatures and can be destroyed under intense frost.
And another special aromatic flower for the summer nights! Fruit or Arab jasmine, the popular climbing ornamental plant that impresses with its large, aromatic white flowers that appear from early spring to autumn. Note that the classic single-flower peach is much more fragrant than the double pearl or grapefruit, which of course has a larger flower. Besides, the intense aromas are found in small bottles! Also, let’s say that the peanut needs enough sun exposure to give us richer flowering and bigger flowers, and we also have to protect it from low temperatures and intense frost during the winter.
At last, let’s say about some fragrant plant that honors its name and has a flower with a very strong aroma! Lavender with characteristic grayish-green leaves is distinguished for the fragrant purple flowers that moan in our gardens and balconies. And let’s not forget that from the lavender flowers comes out an excellent essential oil, ideal to calm, relax and fight insomnia. The lavender flowers can be cut to put them in wardrobes and drawers to protect our clothes from the moth, but also to flavor them at the same time. And if we put the aromatic flowers of lavender under our pillow, we will make the most sweet sleep and we will see the most beautiful dreams! What else to ask for!
It has come from the Far East, but with its intense and sweet aroma it has won all Greek hearts. It is the honeysuckle, the climbing plant with its rich bloom that lasts from the middle of spring until the end of the summer. The peculiar and appealing aroma of the colorful flowers of the holy tree makes it very popular in the courtyards and balconies of the Greek houses. It is also used in edgings, pergolas, fences, and even for rooftops. The honeysuckle is very resistant to low temperatures, snow, frost, and enough resilience to all types of soils.
I say it, some people prefer the archaic hyacinth! In any case, everyone will be delighted with the sweet, intimate aroma of his flower! And of colors, whatever we ask! Swirls in a color palette of rosé, blue, orange, yellow, red to white. And especially the diadem, a variety of white white juvenile cultivated in the Ionian Islands and Aegean islands, stands out for its intense aroma. Let’s plant his flower bulbs in pots on the balcony or garden flowerbeds in the autumn to enjoy its aromatic flowering 2-2.5 months after planting the bulb. And if we do not have a garden and do not want pots, no problem. Even in the living room, the hyacinth can blossom in the water in a special jar with a narrow mouth! It is enough to place the hyacinth bulb on the top, to develop its root system in the water and gradually to blossom in the interior of our house.
My Lady, a scent! Perhaps this is why the virgin is referred to as the lily of the Virgin Mary! An impressive bulbous flower, a kind of Lilium, the virginity has large white or white-yellow flowers that have a special sweet aroma. We can plant the lily of the Virgin Mary in a flower pot on the balcony and flower beds in the garden to cut its flowers and keep them in a jar. This way we will flavor our living room in the most beautiful way. And as for planting tips, the lily of the Virgin Mary generally prefers sunlit places, protected from wind drafts.
Narcissus is an impressive bulbous flower planted in the autumn and blooms in the late winter or spring. Originating from the Mediterranean, the narcissus has a rich flowering with beautiful trumpet shaped flowers;that pop up on thin stems through the oblong leaves. We find it in a wide variety of colors, white, yellowish, yellow-orange, reddish and rose. Narcissus is planted in rock gardens, flower beds in the garden, and even as an indoor plant, while its flowers are a very popular selection of flowers in the winter period
What are the most known species;and varieties of narcissus?
Narcissus has many different species and varieties. In Greece, there are several species, but the best known is the candy or tsambaki which in the region of Crete is called mounouzaki. It reaches a height of 30-40 cm, forming a group of about 10 white flowers with a yellow center. A well-known species of Narcissus is the poetic narcissus, about 40 centimeters high, forming a single white flower with a reddish center, and the late narcissus with a height of about 20 centimeters and small white flowers. Very popular species from abroad are the aromatic narcissus that bears yellow flowers and the multifaceted narcissus with many small white flowers.
Which conditions are suitable for planting narcissus?
Narcissus grows very easily in almost all soil types but prefers well-drained soils. It wants a sunny or semi-shady environment to thrive while in the shade it does not blossom. The sunny places have the advantage of halves as after the flowering, sunshine is the next year’s bloom. The planting of narcissus is done from August to December and bloom occurs in winter or in spring depending on the variety and the season of planting. The narcissus bulb is planted at a depth of about 10 cm and at distances of about 10-15 cm between the bulbs. If planting the potted narcissus, using humus general purpose while also to ensure good drainage opening holes at the bottom of the pot has to water and adding a gravel layer in the base.
What is the narcissus need for watering, fertilizing and other care?
Narcissus-like most bulbous plants have moderate water needs, while excessive watering can cause the bulb to drain. Analogous phenomena occur in very wet soils with poor drainage. On the ground, before planting the narcissus bulbs, it is advisable to add compost and a little fertilizer. We re-fertilize immediately after the end of flowering to enhance the plant with nutrients for next year’s flowering. Finally, once the daffodil flowers begin to flow, it is advisable to keep the plants away from direct sunlight in a cool spot. In this way, we significantly extend the flowering period of narcissus.
How do we store the narcissus bulbs?
If we want to admire the beautiful daffodils and the next year, we take care to remove the bulbs from the ground and store them. The right time to remove the daffodils is after the flowers and leaves have dried out, about 1.5-2 months after its bloom. We clean the bulbs from the soil, allow them to dry in a shady, ventilated place and then store them in cartons or sachets in a dark, dry place.
And a secret to the narcissus
Narcissus can be an impressive and attractive flower, but it hides toxic substances in almost all parts of the plant from the bulb to the flower. For this reason, it is considered a dangerous plant for cats and dogs and it is advisable to avoid it in places where there are pets.
And in autumn what do we do? Will my garden be blooming? What flowers do we plant at this time? We are not worried at all, as there are many ornamental plants that give us wonderful flowering in the autumn so that our garden and balcony have nothing to envy from spring and summer.
The astras are not only found in the sky during autumn. There is also in the garden! Star or Astrak is an annual flowering flower;with impressive flowers that resemble those of the chrysanthemum. And of color: red, pink, purple, blue and white. The star blooms in the late summer until the middle of autumn. If we plant taller varieties, we can cut flowers and decorate them by following our tips for preserving flowers in a vase.
Keep her flowers for 1-2 days and let them fall afterward. I do not mind at all! Hibiscus, the beloved evergreen shrub with large flowers, white, purple, red, orange and pink, flowers in summer and autumn. Ideal for individual plantings in the garden, but also for flower pots or flowerpots on the balcony.
From high to low! The chain is a low-growth annual flowering flower that has rich and prolonged flowering, from early spring to late autumn, with many small characteristic whites, pink or purple flowers. The chain is planted in shallow pots and gardens, but also in the garden, in rock gardens, for soil cover or for low flowering edging.
Let’s have our autumn garden and some exotic color. Shrimp, a perennial evergreen flower from the Mexican tropical regions, we will not be bored to see it flowering, although its rich flowering lasts from May to December. It stands out for its striking bracky leaves in shades of yellow, red and tile that resemble hanging shrimps and surrounds its white tufted flowers.
If we want something tough with a long flowering period in the autumn, for flower beds, streets, squares and parks we choose a lantana bite! Lantana is an evergreen ornamental shrub with characteristic small flowers that appear from early May to mid-November. As for colors, do not worry! There is the “classic” in red and orange, but other rich colors with white, yellow and rosé.
Do we not mention the chrysanthemum? A favorite flower that blooms in the autumn and adorns our yards and balconies. The chrysanthemum features characteristic daisy-like flowers and is known as the holy or holy name. Originally from; China, the chrysanthemum has innumerable varieties in various colors and flower shapes to plant in the garden, but also in flower pots and flowerpots.
If we are asking for a blossoming plant in the autumn, there is a verve for ground cover or hanging baskets. Perennial herbaceous plant with small flowers in white, red, yellow, purple, blue and pink, verve has rich flowering with long duration from the beginning of spring to the end of autumn. A fairly frequent choice of amateur and professional gardeners, verve is planted in pots and flowerpots, but also in hanging baskets because of its creamy growth.
As the poet says: “Cyclamen, Cyclamen in the rock of the slit.” In nature we also find many wild native species of cyclamen. Nowadays, however, there are innumerable cultivated varieties and cyclamen hybrids to plant in pots and gardens, in balconies and yards, gardens and parks. Cyclamen will give us its rich flowering with flowers that appear from the middle of autumn until the end of spring. And of colors, great variety! Pink, purple, red and white, as well as cyclamen with two-color flowers.
What are we looking for now? A plant that is blooming in the autumn and can be planted in seaside places? Easy! Olive groves, the evergreen ornamental shrub with large, impressive flowers, in shades of red, pink, purple, violet, salmon and white. A typical example of the Mediterranean flora, the oleander reaches a height of four meters and offers rich and prolonged flowering from the late spring to mid-autumn.
And who will close the dozen autumn flowers? About the field, the annual ornamental plant with its characteristic flowers and flowering that starts from spring and lasts until the beginning of winter. Originally from Mexico, the spring is planted in flower beds and pots for its beautiful yellow, orange and tile flowers. Of course, it is also used in the vegetable garden for its insecticidal properties.
And a secret about autumn flowers
At the beginning of autumn, we add water-soluble flowering fertilizer to flowering flowers in the autumn to ensure rich and prolonged flowering. We repeat the lubrication application every 2-3 weeks in the autumn.
Amaryllis, your greatness is insurmountable! Autumn planting bulb, amaryllis is a flower that captures and captures the eye with the impressive flowers that project on long and strong stems. The color combinations of flowers vary and often surpass every imagination. White, red, orange, yellow, as well as beautiful bichromates with characteristic ribbons.
What position do we choose to plant amaryllis in our garden?
The amaryllis bulb must be planted in a warm, sheltered and sunny part of our garden. When planting, make sure that a small part of the amaryllis bulb is above the soil. We also have to pile the amaryllis with a pile to keep the stem of the flower upright and protect it from the winds
What do we watch when planting amaryllis in a pot?
Amaryllis and our eyes. We want moderate pots of height and width of 20 cm in order to plant the amaryllis in depth so that it covers about two-thirds of its volume in the soil of the pot. We choose a general purpose plant that drains the water well. On our balcony, place the pot in a spot with sun and rotate it every 1-2 days so that the flowering stem is right and does not get tilted to the sunlight.
What needs to water and fertilizing has amaryllis in our garden?
Amaryllis has moderate water requirements initially and more as soon as the root system develops. However, a little watering is needed, because excessive moisture may sap the flowering stem. With regard to fertilization, although amaryllis has no particular requirements, the addition of a small amount of fertilizer during planting will help in flowering and the formation of impressive flowers.
How do we store the amaryllis bulbs for next year?
We look forward to having, and time! As soon as the amaryllis flower dries in the spring, we stop watering and remove the bulbs from the soil. Then clean the bulbs by removing the soil and place them in a shady, ventilated place. Once the amaryllis bulbs have dried, store them in a dry place in cartons. To prevent moisture from collapsing and germinating bulbs, open small holes in the boxes or put a little bit of perlite.
How do Amaryllis Bulbs grow?
The propagation of amaryllis is done with small bulbs (bulbs) growing next to the mother bulb; during the growing period of the plant. When the bulbs reach one-third of the bulb, they are cut off with a sharp knife and planted in new pots. The cutting of the amaryllis bulbs is done after the end of its flowering during the period of her lump.
And a secret about amaryllis
We can prolong the flowering of amaryllis for several days by removing the yellow anthers from the flower stamens with a tweezer before;scattering their;pollen.
The rhododendron is a wonderful evergreen ornamental shrub with dense foliage and impressive flowers that vary in color (red, pink, blue, purple, white) and in size. An exotic flower that loves dew, the rhododendron fills with flowers; in the winter and preserves them until February. As for the different kinds of rhododendron, you really miss it! From low shrubs to tall trees. Do not forget to mention that the rhododendron belongs to the same family as the azalea. If you have such relatives, the rest is left over!
Under what conditions are the Rhododendron planted and thrived?
Rhododendron is a fairly demanding plant, prefers acidic soil, rich in organic matter with good drainage. If planted in a pot, make sure to procure a special mold for acidophilus plants. We place the rhododendron in a shady or semi-shaded area, as direct exposure to the sun may cause problems. The rhododendron, although quite resistant to low temperatures, must be protected from cold and dry winds.
What needs to watering and lubrication has the rhododendron?
The rhododendron has a superficial root system, loves moisture and requires frequent watering, provided there is good drainage on the ground. Fertilization in the rhododendron is necessary to maintain the low pH of the soil. After the end of the flowering of the rhododendron, we fertilize once a month with a complete fertilizer specific for acidophilous plants.
How is it pruned and how does the rhododendron grow?
The rhododendron has no particular need for pruning and is pruned slightly after the end of its flowering, giving it the shape we want. The proliferation of the rhododendron is mainly done with parietals and semi- cuttings are taken during the summer. It can also be seeded, but it is not preferred as it grows at a slower pace.
And a secret to the rhododendron
The rhododendron can ideally be planted beneath or beside conifers, where the pH of the soil is quite low and many ornamental plants do not thrive.
Jasmine is the most popular climbing plant that generously gives us the sweet fragrance of its flowers. Its flowering begins when the weather is warm in the spring and is maintained until the first cold winter. Below we will talk about the most important tips to ensure a rich flowering of our jasmine.
• What position do we choose for jasmine and what is the time for transplanting?
We ensure a sunny or semi-clear place to transplant jasmine, as it needs plenty of sunlight to blossom. If we choose south orientation we will reward us with even richer flowering. Jasmine is resistant to heat and drought, but we need to protect it from winds;as it is sensitive to frost, especially to Chios jasmine. A suitable transplanting season for jasmine is spring after the end of the winter frost.
• What are the soils and the substrate of planting thrives on jasmine?
Jasmine thrives on all types of soil, even in dry, poor soils, provided they have good drainage. If planted in pots will need humus Universal containing compost and perlite. Add a layer of gravel to the bottom of the pot for better drainage and drain the water remaining on the pot of saucer after watering. We transplant jasmine into a larger pot, just notice that the roots of the plant are squeezed and very dense.
• What does jasmine need for watering and fertilizing?
Even though jasmine can withstand drought, it will need regular watering in the hot summer months. In particular, if we planted it in a pot, it will need watering 1-2 times a week from spring to autumn and less so in winter. With regard to lubrication for jasmine, during the flowering period, it is necessary to apply liquid fertilizer for flowering plants every two weeks. During the winter, we only fertilize once with a full fertilizer in a granular form.
• How is jasmine pruned and how does it multiply?
Pruning of jasmine takes place in two seasons. First, we prune jasmine in the late autumn, after the end of flowering, removing dried flowers and small dried shoots. At the beginning of spring, when the weather is warming up, we do relatively strict pruning to control the size and shape of the jasmine, removing internal and weak shoots and compounding the strongest. The proliferation of jasmine is mainly done with cuttings taken at the beginning of autumn or at the end of spring. Also, Jasmine is multiplied by inflorescences at the end of winter and by inoculation (inoculation) to an underlying jasmine of the desired variation in early autumn or late spring.
• We regularly spray on jasmine and insects
We spray preventively the jasmine when the weather begins to warm up with an ecological summer slurry or ecological recipe with natural plant protection materials (as we have shown in videos ) for the prophylactic treatment of spider mites and other insects that attack each year foliage and the flowers of jasmine. We apply to spray in the spring and autumn periods every twenty days.
• And one last secret about jasmine
There are many types of jasmine. The most well-known and widespread species are Chian jasmine or grandeur, plush jasmine, medicinal jasmine, Arabic jasmine or pearl, jasmine juniper with yellow flowers, the most beautiful jasmine and the shrubs of jasmine.
Foulie with the strong sweet aroma that floods the summer nights! It is also called Arabic jasmine, although, in fact, its origin is from China. A favorite climbing ornamental plant, the peach stands out for the great fragrant white flowers that appear from early spring to autumn. It also features distinctive leaves that differ from other types of jasmine as they are round, larger and more glossy. The bud is planted both in the garden and in a pot, has a relatively slow growth and can reach a height of 2-3 meters. With regard to jasmine varieties and varieties, besides the classic peach, quite common is the double pearl or grapefruit that has a very impressive big flower, but it lacks fragrance intensity.
What kind of conditions does the chef want to thrive?
In order to form a rich flowering, the pearl needs sun exposure, especially in spring and early summer which is the critical flowering season. The higher the sunshine, the richer the flowering and the larger the flowers. Of course, caution is needed, as the intense sunshine of the July-August summer months may cause burns in the leaves. Also, we should note that it is not cold-resistant. Fruit requires a rich, fertile, relatively acidic soil that ensures good drainage. If Frangipani planted in a pot, we get a special mold for acidophilus plants with perlite for better ventilation. At the bottom of the pot, we always place a 2-3 cm layer of gravel or small pebble for better drainage.
What is the need for watering and fertilizing?
Fruit needs watering once a week in spring and autumn and requires more watering in the summer and lighter in winter. We must keep in mind that the face has a sensitive root system and any excess can create a problem. Many times the yellowing of the leaves, especially the lower ones, is due to excessive watering. With regard to fertilization, we fertilize once a month from the beginning of spring to autumn mid-full fertilizer to achieve balanced growth and prolonged flowering.
How is the fig tree pruned and how is it multiplied?
We prune the bean at the end of February – early March, after the end of the winter frost. Pruning should be strict to create a compact shape and to ensure satisfactory growth and flowering. Also, the mullet is multiplied by grafts quite easily. We plant a cut branch of a bud in a small pot using rosette hormone. After 1-1.5 months in a cool and shady environment, the plant will have roots and can be transplanted into a larger pot or garden.